Matryoshka nesting dolls coloring pages are contour images of toys with filling, which have become an unspoken symbol of Russia. A traditional matryoshka is not just a toy. She shows the bond in the family. The large matryoshka contains several more figures. They represent all generations of the family. The last nesting doll that did not open was the baby. Today matryoshka dolls are created with various fillings and decorations. Choose the picture you like, print and color with paints or pencils.
A doll in a folk costume with filling, richly decorated with drawings, is again of interest today. Coloring Matryoshka with painting will suit everyone to get acquainted with the Russian flavor. Color the matryoshka with gouache or pencils.
Matryoshka (from the Russian name Matryona or Matryosha) is the most famous and most popular of all Russian souvenirs. Traditionally, this is a doll in the form of a young Russian woman, dressed in a national costume and with a scarf on her head. In a classic matryoshka doll, all the dolls in the set look the same, the number of dolls in the set is from 5 to 30 (!). Despite the fact that the matryoshka is considered a primordially Russian and ancient toy, its age is a little over 100 years.
It is believed that the first Russian nesting doll appeared in 1890 in the workshop of the Abramtsevo estate in new Moscow. The owner of the estate was Savva Mamontov, an industrialist and philanthropist. This version has one flaw.
The author of the first nesting dolls was a wood turner Vasily Zvezdochkin. He was born in 1876 and in 1890 he was only 14 years old! Not enough to create a “masterpiece”! Around 1898 he got a job in a workshop at the “Children’s Education” store in Leontievsky Lane, which was created by Maria Alexandrovna Mamontova, the wife of Anatoly Ivanovich Mamontov. This means that the first nesting doll could appear in the workshop at the store.
It is alleged that the artist Sergey Malyutin was engaged in the painting, but this is only a version. No documentary evidence of Malyutin’s authorship has been found.
Here is what Zvezdochkin recalled about Matryoshka: “… once I saw a suitable chock in a magazine and carved a figurine based on its model, which looked ridiculous, looked like a nun and was“ deaf ”(did not open up). On the advice of the masters, Belov and Konovalova carved it differently, then they showed the toy to Mamontov, who approved the product and gave it to a group of artists who worked somewhere in the Arbat to paint. ” According to this “version”, someone from local or visiting Arbat artists painted wooden chocks. Who is unknown.
In 1905, the production moved to the workshops of Sergiev Posad. The head of the workshop, Vladimir Ivanovich Borutsky, invited the turner V.P. Zvezdochkin. Nesting dolls began to be produced on a mass scale in an artel in Sergiev Posad.
There were only eight figures. The largest had a rooster in its hands, and the smallest matryoshka looked like a baby wrapped in a diaper. The most common were dolls consisting of 3, 8 and 12 elements. The traditional subjects for images on matryoshka dolls were everyday themes. Most often, the activities of Russian young ladies of one period or another were reflected. Girls were portrayed in traditional outfits with headscarves on their heads. In their hands they could hold sickles for harvesting, jugs of milk, baskets of berries, etc. A little later, other subjects began to be depicted on nesting dolls, for example, characters from fairy tales and fables, heroes of stories by famous writers.
The type of products, when several items are put into one another, has been known for a long time. This technology was used by Russian artisans to produce wooden Easter eggs and apples for several centuries.
However, the very idea of putting one product into another is quite ancient and goes back into the past of China. The Japanese doll depicting a bald old man Fukuramu (Fukuraji) can be considered a remote prototype of our matryoshka.
The origin of this doll is not known for certain; no one knows where it came from. There are various legends, the most popular of which claims that the first doll of this type was made by a Russian monk on the island of Honshu in Japan. A bike, but nice!
The Japanese also have another “relative” of our matryoshka – “kokeshi”. Kokeshi (kokeshi) is a painted wooden doll. Made from a cylindrical body and a head attached to it, turned on a lathe. Less commonly, a toy is made from a single piece of wood.
At the International Exhibition of Handicrafts in Paris in 1900, the matryoshka took the first prize, traveled all over the exhibition Europe – from Berlin to London. The widespread distribution of Russian dolls abroad was facilitated by the popularization of everything Russian thanks to Sergei Diaghilev’s Russian Seasons in Paris.
The massive export of nesting dolls began with the annual fairs in Leipzig. Since 1909, our matryoshka has been a regular participant in the Berlin Exhibition and the annual handicraft bazaar in London.
A turner is traditionally engaged in making the matryoshka base. It is his task to prepare blanks. For grooving, only aged and thoroughly dried wood samples are taken. The traditional material for the manufacture of nesting dolls is considered to be hardwood harvesting (better than linden).
Gouache, ink and aniline paints are used as materials for painting. Protects the product with wax or transparent varnish.
The first nesting doll with “faces” can be attributed to 1912. By the centenary of the Battle of Borodino, nesting dolls “Kutuzov” and “Napoleon” with headquarters were made. And for the anniversary of Gogol, whole series were produced: the characters of “The Inspector General” and “Taras Bulba”.
At the moment, there are more than 5 types of matryoshka dolls, mostly they differ in the style of painting, but some differ in the shape and number of detachable figures.